Does A Heat Pump Only Produce Heat?

florida heat pumpsA heat pump is an ac device that transfers heat from one location to another using a fluid. It is an integral component in both air conditioner and refrigerator. The transfer of heat is what brings about cooling. There are different types of heat pumps installed in homes such as reversible heat pumps that provide both cooling and heating depending on the season of the year.

The working of a heat pump is similar to that of a refrigerator in that it extracts the heat that is present in outdoor air during winter and delivers it inside your home so as to keep it warm. During summer, the opposite happens and the process reverses. The heat pump sucks in heat from the indoor air and releases it to the outside air so as to keep your home dry and cool. Because of its ability to heat and cool, a heat pump is considered a very economical and efficient home appliance. The fluid that is responsible for the transfer of heat is known as a refrigerant. It circulates between the outdoor and indoor units absorbing and releasing heat through the loop.

A heat pump typically consists of two parts that is an indoor and outdoor unit. The indoor unit which resembles a gas furnace is known as an air handler while the outdoor unit which looks like a central air conditioner, contains the compressor. The compressor is the heart of the heat pump system and it works during cooling and heating processes. It is the pump that is responsible for circulating the refrigerant through the loop.

Because of its significance, it is important that you examine the compressor closely and establish the validity of its warrant before making your purchase.

The Different Types of Heat Pumps

Depending on the conditions upon which the heat pump is to function and the tastes and preferences of the homeowners, one type of heat pump may be more appropriate compared to the other.

A geothermal heat pump for instance uses energy from the ground or a water source. It achieves higher efficiencies by transferring heat between your indoor environment and a nearby water source. Despite their higher installation expenses, these pumps are easier to maintain because of their low operating costs.

Air-source heat pumps are suitable for cold climates. They transfer heat from your house to the surrounding air. They consume less energy thereby bringing down the cost of power by up to 40 percent.

Apart from these types of heat pumps, there are others such as absorption heat pumps and mini-split heat pumps that you can also install to enhance the level of comfort within your home.